Cabinets are one of the biggest investments when remodeling a kitchen or bathroom. In a total budget, it can run up to half the cost depending on the size and quality you choose. If you want to have a good resale value on your home or you plan on living it in for a long time choosing a better quality of cabinetry is ideal. Here’s some information on what types of cabinets are on the market, their grades, and some new accessories out there that will make your guests want to remodel their space.
The Four Basic Types of Cabinets
Base- These come in a standard size of 24-inches deep and 36-inches tall. The depth may be increased to 27 inches on some semi-custom and custom applications. For ease of use, base cabinetry rests atop a 4-inch recessed riser called a toe kick.
Wall- Upper cabinetry is generally 12-inches deep but can be increased to 17-inches on some semi-custom and custom applications.
Tall- These cabinets are typically 83.5-inches in height, serving as pantry space and broom storage.
Specialty Units- Specialty units maximize square footage and organization efforts. They include corner cabinets, sink/cooktop fronts, suspended units, hutches, bottle racks and appliance holders/garages. An 18-inch backsplash creates usable workspace between countertops and the bottom edge of upper cabinets.
Cabinet Quality Grades
Cabinets are grouped into four grades based on the quality of construction. Decide up front the amount of money to be invested in cabinetry and then browse the lines and options within your budget. Cabinetry prices are measured in linear feet, ranging from around $50 per linear foot to $500 per linear foot, this is roughly about 29% of your budget. Installation is usually added to the total cost unless you go full custom then it is usually included.
Readily available and constructed with cost in mind. These cabinets are purchased boxed from chain home stores like Homedepot or Lowes. The selection is very minimum and usually, require assembly. If you’re skilled with do-it-yourself home improvement projects, you can save a significant amount of money on this type of cabinetry. However, long-term durability often results in trouble over time. Make sure you are well versed in constructing and installing cabinetry.
Purchased pre-sized from their manufacturer, stock cabinets are a basic and economical option. Stock cabinets are mass-produced, available in fixed sizes and cannot be altered, making them less versatile for existing spaces. These cabinets are constructed on site from modular units. They are measured in 3-inch increments. The materials range from particle board covered with plastic laminate or melamine to solid wood, depending on the manufacturer. Melamine is a plastic used for laminated coatings, made by copolymerizing this compound with formaldehyde. These cabinets offer a limited range of accessories. While some stock materials only meet minimal standards and aren’t generated from valued woods, purchasing stock cabinets may offer attractive and affordable style without sacrificing quality. Just remember, installation is usually not included in the price.
This type of cabinetry has more of a selection in both style and material. This is considered the mid-range option in terms of price. It allows some size adjustments and offers better quality cabinets. They are typically special order cabinets and can take up to a 6wks for delivery. They’re standard in certain sizes but can be altered for increased depth. It also offers some changes but not all brands. They come with more extensive selections of styles, finishes, storage solutions, and decorative enhancements.
These are the most expensive cabinets. It is completely made-to-order and offers the most diversity in style, material, finishes, and accessories. These cabinets are one-of-a-kind of tailored sizes and innovative design solutions, suiting even the most unique spaces. Narrow measurements with exact increments down to the 32nd of an inch offer precision rivaling English imperial standards. While design options are limitless, these high-dollar cabinets can quickly exhaust the budget. With custom, you will get exactly what you want with the superior hand-built construction of a skilled artisan and is designed much like furniture. Usually, the price of custom cabinetry often includes installation and delivery.
Handy Cabinet Accessories with a Modern Touch:
- Rollout drawer trays offer a continuous look and increase organization.
- Swing-out shelving and pantry pull-outs maximize pantry storage.
- Pull-out tables fully extend for increased work space.
- Slide-out baskets and bins hide trashcans and recycling centers.
- Cutlery and utensil dividers make putting away items easier.
- Tilt paneled sink fronts conveniently store cleaning supplies.
- Lazy Susans make efficient use of corners or “dead space.”
- Spice drawers keep spices within eyesight.
- Appliance garages house toasters, coffee makers, blenders and other small appliances beneath a door that functions similarly to a garage door. Items are kept out of sight and are easily stored away after use.
Different Door Frames:
Slab Doors. These doors are made of flat pieces of plywood or medium-density fiberboard (MDF) with a veneer flanking each side.
Plank Doors. Plank doors are flush and comprised of solid wood and may involve decorative patterns routed into their face.
Frame-and-Panel Doors. Frame-and-panel doors are manufactured with a frame around a central panel, which may be squared, arched or rounded at its upper edge. The central panel may be either recessed or raised. A recessed door has the central panel inset into the door. A raised panel offers an elevated central panel.
Frame-Only Doors. These have a rabbeted edge, which secures a glass pane. The pane may be a single light or subdivided with muntins, creating a pattern of separate lights. A muntin is a supporting strip between adjacent panes of glass.
Different Types of Hinges
Butt- This common type of hinge suits an authentic, period look. They’re inexpensive, consisting of two metal leaves secured by loose or tight pins. Butt hinges may be either mortised or non-mortised. Mortise butt hinges are set in routed or chiseled door gains for concealment and designed for flush front cabinetry. With an outer leaf attached to the frame and the inner leaf to the door back. Non-mortised butt hinges are designed for flush overlay cabinet fronts or reveal overlays fronts with face frames. Butt hinges don’t function properly with inset doors and require separate locks or catches.
Concealed- This also known as a Euro hinge. This hidden hinge contains screws onto the arm, which may be altered for lateral and front to back placement. These hinges are strong and fit a 35mm hole. They’re fully adjustable in three planes and self-closing. Concealed hinges offer a sleek look and go hand-in-hand with full overlay cabinetry.
Lipped- Designed for rabetted doors, these hinges suit any style with a visible hinge pin. They are easily mounted and inexpensive.
Surface- Surface hinges are inexpensive, mount easily and non-adjustable. They require a latch to keep doors shut. With surface mounted hinges, style is of the essence.
Wrap-Around- These hinges have an extra flange inside doors, helping support for heavier inset doors. They require door and cabinet mortises. This can be difficult to adjust and require latches.
Adjustable- With oblate mounting holes, these hinges permit door adjustment. As the hinge is mounted, it may be relocated before the screw is fastened.
*Other conventional hinge types include: formed, pivot, pin, invisible, continuous and glass door hinge.
- Contemporary Kitchen Cabinets
Contemporary design is sleek and minimalist by nature, giving your home a streamlined and clean look. To achieve this effect, contemporary kitchen cabinets generally have flat surfaces and minimal ornamentation.
- Modern Kitchen Cabinets
Modern design can mean different things to different people, but in general, if your design style is less traditional and more contemporary, you may favor using modern kitchen cabinets in your remodel.
- Rustic Kitchen Cabinets
Rustic kitchen designs embody the country lifestyle with large cabinets, warm colors and lots of wood with interesting character. If you hope to create a country kitchen, start by choosing rustic kitchen cabinets to anchor your look.
- Shaker Kitchen Cabinets
Shaker kitchen cabinets are a popular trend in current kitchen renovations because of the classic and simple look they give to either a traditional or contemporary design.
- Country Kitchen Cabinets
Country kitchen cabinets are meant to be warm, comfortable and inviting with a timeless, natural appearance. They fall into the traditional kitchen design category and use specific cabinetry to complete the signature country look.
- Mission-style Kitchen Cabinets
Mission-style kitchen cabinets feature a distinctive look that began in the United States around the turn of the 20th century. While mission style started with furniture, it quickly became a popular design for cabinet makers as well.
- French Country Design
French country design mimics the beauty and charm of rural France. French country kitchen cabinets use natural materials such as wood, as well as earth-toned color schemes for a comfortable environment that favors serious cooking.
- Retro Kitchen Cabinets
Retro kitchen cabinets have become increasingly popular as more and more homeowners seek to add nostalgic design elements from past decades to their home.
- Tuscan Kitchen Cabinets
Tuscan kitchen design comes from the fabled Italian countryside, known for its natural beauty and culinary tradition. Traditional Tuscan kitchen cabinets evoke warmth and elegance, with an emphasis on the joys of cooking and eating.
- Craftsman-Style Kitchen Cabinets
Craftsman-style kitchen cabinets are often defined by simple straight lines, quality construction, and minimal ornamentation. They originated with the Arts and Crafts movement, which began at the end of the 19th century in England.
When choosing your cabinets, look at all your options and research your products to make sure they will be a perfect match for you and your kitchen. There is so much to choose from that it can be overwhelming so I hope this information helps you understand the best options out there.
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